Tips for GCSE / AS / A2 Spanish – Using connecting phrases

To gain a higher grade in speaking and writing exams one tip is to use a good variety of connecting words and phrases which will help you sound more natural. These connecting words will link parts of a sentence together to make them more complex, earning you extra marks!

Tip: Try to use a wide range of connecting words and phrases rather than sticking to the same ones all the time. This shows the examiner that you have a wide range of vocabulary at your fingertips.

Here are some key connecting words and phrases to learn:

Spanish

English

a pesar de

in spite of

además

besides / furthermore

antes

before

aunque

although

así que

so

aun si

even if

después

after

entonces

then / so then

incluso

even

lo primero

the first thing

mientras

while

pero

but

por eso / por lo tanto

therefore

porque

because

sin embargo

however

tal vez

perhaps

también

also

ya que

since

Note:

• y (and) becomes e if the next word begins with ‘i’ or ‘hi’.

e.g. Estudio español e inglés. (I study Spanish and English.)

• o (or) becomes u when the next words begins with ‘o’ or ‘ho’.

e.g. Me levanto a las siete u ocho. (I get up at seven or eight.)

Tip:

Also use relative clauses such as the following to add extra detail to your sentence therefore making in more complex and to show that you know more vocabulary:

quethat / which / who
dondewhere
cuandowhen
comolike / as
cuyo/awhose

e.g. Tengo un buen amigo que se llama Paul. (I have a good friend who is called Paul.)
e.g. Voy al polideportivo dos veces a la semana donde juego al baloncesto. (I go to the sports centre twice a week where I play basketball.)
e.g. Siempre leo un libro cuando tenga tiempo libre. (I always read a book when I have free time.)
e.g. Como es atleta, entrena casi todos los días. (As he is an athlete, he trains nearly every day.)
e.g. Tengo una amiga cuya casa es enorme. (I have a friend whose house is enormous.)

 
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