Spanish Grammar help

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When do you need to use an infinitive verb in Spanish? – 10 tips!

What is the infinitive?

The infinitive is the simplest form of a verb. An infinitive tells you what the action is but not who is doing it nor when they are doing it. It translates into English as “to …” In Spanish there are 3 patterns of infinitive; those that end in -ar, -er or -ir. Examples are:

hablarto speak

comerto eat

vivirto live

There are several common structures in Spanish that need the use of the infinitive. In this post we will look at these uses: Continue reading

How to say “Let’s …” in Spanish

If you want to invite someone out in Spanish or suggest going out to do something the easiest way is just to say “Let’s go to the beach”, “Let’s have a coffee”, “Let’s dance” and so on. Once you learn how to say this in Spanish, you will sound a lot more natural and native like rather than a textbook. This blog post explains how to form this phrase, “Let’s …”: Continue reading

Power verbs in Spanish: Gustar (to like)

When you first start learning Spanish you need to learn the most common verbs to help you form questions and basic needs and wants. One of the most important verbs to know is “gustar” (to like) so that you can express what you like, what you don’t like and ask other people what they like. This verb works a bit differently to most verbs as you also need the pronoun in front to say who likes the thing.

In this blog post we will look at how to use this important Spanish verb “gustar”: Continue reading

Spanish Power Verbs – Querer (to want)

When you first start learning Spanish you just need to learn a handful of verbs that will allow you to form the most important questions to express your needs and wants to get by. These include words like want, need, looking for, have. In this post we will look at how to express what you want in the present tense.

querer = to want

(Yo) quiero = I want
(Tú) quieres = you want (informal)
(Usted) quiere = You want (formal)
(Él) quiere = He wants
(Ella) quiere = She wants
(Nosotros) queremos = we want
(Vosotros) queréis = you all want (informal)
(Ustedes) quieren = you all want (formal)
(Ellos) quieren = they want Continue reading

What does “–ísimo” mean in Spanish?

In Spanish if you want to say, “very, very …” or “extremely …” with adjectives you use the –ísimo ending on the end of any adjective. This blog post looks at how to do this correctly with different endings of adjectives:

Most adjectives:

e.g. caro = expensive

To say “very expensive” or “extremely expensive” you just take off the last –o and add –ísimo. Make sure the ending agrees with the noun depending on if it is masculine, feminine, singular or plural: Continue reading

How to say what you “have done” in Spanish

The Perfect Tense

In Spanish to talk about what you have done recently or things you “have done” you would use what is called the “perfect tense”. Luckily it is one of the easier tenses to learn. In this blog post we will look at how to form this tense and the irregular verbs.

There are two parts to this tense: Continue reading

Future tense in Spanish

If you want to talk about what you are going to do tomorrow, next week, next month or next year you will need to know how to use the future tense. There are two ways of expressing future actions in Spanish:

  1. Immediate future – for things that are already planned, are definitely going to happen and you know when. “Going to …”
  2. General future tense – for things further in the future but often there is no specific time in mind. “Will / shall …”

You will be pleased to know that neither of the two future tenses are too difficult to learn! Continue reading

2 Useful Spanish phrases

(1) Acabar de + infinitive (To have just …)
(2) Estar a punto de + infinitive (To be about to …)

(1) Acabar de + infinitive

This is the structure in Spanish to talk about the very recent past, to say what has just happened. You can use this in various tenses:

Present tense:
Acabo de comer. I have just eaten. (a few minutes ago) Continue reading

Spanish nouns that can be masculine or feminine

… each with a different meaning

When you start learning Spanish you learn that all nouns are classed as either masculine or feminine, however in reality there are exceptions when you can use a word with either gender, each with a different meaning.

Normally this relates to someone’s occupation, for example, el policía = the policeman, la policía = la policía. El periodista = the (male) journalist, la periodista = the (female) journalist. Other words can be used with either gender but be careful as their meaning changes. There is no reason for this so you just have to learn the gender with the noun and try to remember the following:

boleto/a: el boleto = ticket (travel) / la boletaticket (fine/penalty)

bolso/a: el bolso = handbag / la bolsa = larger bag/sack Continue reading

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